Scrum master roles and responsibilities are a key feature in any Agile framework. In this short article, we'll be investigating exactly how scrum master roles and responsibilities fit into the Scrum Methodology. In essence, a scrum is a tool that delivers Agile deliverables via an iteration-based process. Each iteration of the process corresponds with a sprint, and sprints are separated by "steps" or "moons." Each iteration of scrum works with a short-term goal in mind, such as "establishing bug fixes during the first iteration of testing."
Scrum also defines and explains what scrum roles and responsibilities are so that everyone on your team and in the organization can understand what's expected of them. The scrum roles and responsibilities of a scrum master apply specifically to the tester. A scrum master is responsible for the entirety of the testing life-cycle. He must be the primary operator of the entire system, delegating anyone from the release team to fix bugs that he doesn't personally find worthy of fixing, and ensuring that all of the testing jobs are complete and precise.
At the heart of the scrum is the concept of the scrum sprint. A scrum sprint lasts for 30 days, intending to create bug-free software that has been tested and approved for release. Each sprint begins with a meeting between the principal author and the lead of the project, called the Scrum Master. During the meeting, the principal and lead will establish the Scrum boarding methodology, defining when and how sprints should be conducted, how the sprint backlog should be managed, and what scrum artifacts (if any) to include in each release.
After establishing the scrum workflow and the scrum artifact definition, the scrum master will create the scrum product backlog. The product backlog will be a list of all of the tickets that have been opened, closed, or ignored during a certain period. This work constitutes the majority of the work done during scrum sprints and includes such tasks as adding new stories, modifying stories, adjusting the scope of the work in progress, or rescheduling tasks. As tasks are added or modified, their authors (the scrum masters) mark them as "done", "on schedule", or "canceled". When they're rescheduled, the corresponding authors list the job as "pending", and list the time they still have to do it.
The scrum product backlog also contains cross-functional stories, which identify the work of different teams within a business. For example, there might be a story about a scrum sprint items being prioritized according to whether the scrum master feels these tasks are being done by one of the team members, the manager, or both. Different teams may be categorized according to whether they're responsible for producing, processing, consuming, or manufacturing the solution.
The scrum master and manager each keep lists of their labels: who did what, when, where, what? To create these cross-functional chains, though, the scrum product backlog must first be cleaned up. By creating cross-function lists, the owner of each role can identify which team's responsibility he or she should hold, and which responsibilities should be handed off to other members. Once this list is in place, the owner can move on to the next step of scrum automation: creating the necessary job roles.
The scrum master and product owner must first establish roles, beginning with the person most knowledgeable about the project. He or she may choose to assign the role of "chairman" to people who will actively be involved in managing the scrum. The chairman's role, in particular, encourages team members to follow the basic product design specs, but the role cannot be assumed by anyone without proper training. (After all, the product owner is the team's best advocate!)
Once roles have been established, it is easy to just let the scrum do its thing. When this occurs, though, scrum rituals must be in place. Scrum exercises are meant to test the product's ability to perform as expected and to make the process more efficient. Without a plan to ensure that the work that occurs fits neatly into scheduled scrum cycles, though, it is easy to get caught up in the scrum and feel like continuing to discuss trivial topics. Creating appropriate scrum rituals, along with a corresponding process guide, makes the process more orderly.